Corporate governance matters: Investigating Swedish corporate governance characteristics and their outcomes
Corporate outcomes depend on an interplay between different corporate governance mechanisms. These mechanisms include the board of directors, incentives, ownership structures, legal and institutional environment, as well as the latest social pressures for sustainability. Countries differ in the setup of the corporate governance systems, but most corporate governance research comes from an Anglo-Saxon environment, most notably USA. In this research project we intend explore the Swedish corporate governance context and its impact on corporate outcomes. We focus on chosen aspects of a board of directors’ structure, including gender representation, as well as incentives systems to leading corporate decision makers.
Project members: Katarzyna Cieslak, Mattias Hamberg, University of Stavanger, Norway
Financing: SHB Forskningsstiftelser
From Strategy to Operational Decision-Making in Banks: The Significance of Technical, Organizational and Cognitive Integration
One of the key lessons from the 2007/08 financial crisis is that weakly integrated control systems, and reporting processes can have significant negative implications for strategic, tactical and operational decision-making, as well as financial reporting quality. This hard-earned lesson has led to a growing interest amongst practitioners and academics in the relationships between three closely interrelated concepts: enterprise risk management; management control systems and; financial reporting processes.
The purpose of this explorative study is to examine how and why the different dimensions of integration (technical, organizational and, cognitive), which bring together both structures and actors, individually and collectively influence coordination between strategic and operational level decision-making in organizations.
The outcomes from this explorative study will provide valuable input in phase two of what is a comprehensive research programme described separately under the project heading ‘Integrated Reporting and Control: Bridging Technical, Organizational and Behavioral Domains’.
Project members: Jason Crawford
Financed by: Svenska Revisionsakademin
Integrated Reporting and Control: Bridging Technical, Organizational and Behavioural Domains
The 2007/08 post financial crisis era is one in which a broader public debate continues to intensify, calling for increasing accountability and transparency in the relationships between business, investors and society. The accounting profession, together with decision-makers, investors, regulators and standard setters are collectively engaged in discussing how to improve the influence, relevance, trust and value of accounting information. In this space interest has grown among practitioners and academics in exploring the relationships between, as well as the potential to, integrate risk management, management control and financial accounting concepts. From a practitioner perspective this interest is driven in an effort to create integrated thinking and integrated reporting so that efficiency and performance gains can be realized, and value creation enhanced at the organizational level.
While researchers have made various efforts to explain how different integrating mechanisms influence risk management, management control and more recently financial accounting concepts, much of that focus has been on structures rather than actors, providing limited insights into the coordination of strategic and operational decision-making.
The aim of this programme therefore is to increase our understanding of these important interrelated concepts, by examining how and why different integrating dimensions (technical, organizational and, cognitive) which capture both structures and actors, individually and collectively influence coordination in organizations.
Project members: Fredrik Nilsson, Jason Crawford
Expert reference group: Charlotta Hjelm, Länsförsäkringar, Pia Marions, Skandia, Frank Hartmann, Rotterdam School of Business School and Uppsala University
Financed by: Jan Wallanders och Tom Hedelius stiftelse samt Tore Browaldhs stiftelse
Contemporary issues of IT, managing and organising
The overall aim and ambition of this project is to create a joint platform for researchers that have an interest in IT and management related issues. The purpose of the platform is to invite and foster shared research activities within this area of interest. The main current activity is a book project that focuses on seven aspects of IT, Managing and Organising: Practice, Routines, Roles, Affordances, Cognition, Strategy and Sociomateriality.
Project members: Cecilia Gullberg, Dariusz Osowski, Einar Iveroth, Fredrik Nilsson, Inti Lammi, Jan Lindvall, Jason Crawford, Jenny Svensson (SH), Jukka Hohenthal, Katarzyna Cieslak, Leon Caesarius, Mathias Cöster, Nils-Göran Olve, Ravi Dar, Shruti Kashyap and Åke Walldius (KTH)
Performance management and sustainability
The goal for the project is to identify challenges and solutions in performance management systems when integrating sustainability perspectives. The theoretical foundation for the project is Ferreira and Otleys (2009) definition of Performance management systems and the empirical studies will be performed in three different organisations: the municipalities of Uppsala and Örebro, and Telia.
Project members: Mathias Cöster
Co-operation partners: Raine Isaksson - project leader, Department of engineering scineces, Rickard Garvare and Helena Ranängen Luleå University of technology, Åsa Rönnbäck Swedish quality management academy (SQMA)
Duration: Late spring 2017to fall 2018
Financed by: Swedish quality management academy (SQMA)
Strategic pricing and price models
An research activity performed by Centre for Advanced Studies in Innovative Pricing (CASIP). Its focus is how new price models may enable firms to realize strategy, recognising that modern business models usually lead to multiple relationships where pricing has an impact on incentives and long-term joint developments. CASIP has developed a model which is currently tested for practical use, supported by a computerised graphical tool.
Project members: Mathias Cöster, Einar Iveroth, Nils-Göran Olve
Co-operation partners: Masaki Hayashi, Department of Game Design; Carl-Johan petri, Alf Westelius, Linköping University
Duration: CASIP is an ongoing research collaboration where the participating researchers continue to arrange tracks in conferences, write articles, inspire doctoral candidates in their research activities, and apply for external funding.
Financed by: Uppsala University
The Neuroaccounting group
We explore associations between brain-controlled functions and accounting behaviour. This new group has emerged out of collaborative work with neuroscientists and psychologists, building on the proposition that knowledge about the brain is essential if we want to understand why and how accounting information affects judgment, decision-making and other behavioural outcomes.
Project members: Janina Hornbach, Jenny Gustafson Backman, Lars Frimanson and Frank Hartmann
Financed by: The Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Science, Handelsbankens Research Foundations, The Swedish Research School of Management and Information Technology, and The Swedish Auditing Academy
The information content of interim reporting from a financial analyst perspective
In the last decade, there have been continuous discussions as to whether stock markets impose excessive disclosure requirements on listed firms. In Sweden, the expression “kvartalskapitalism" is used to denote the shortsighted view oncorporate decisionmaking that frequent reporting nurture. Several large firms listedin London (e.g. BHP Billiton and Unilever) have opted to reduce their reportingfrequency and reporting depth. These changes stand in stark contrast to theincreased reporting requirements caused by the introduction of International Financial Reporting Standards.
Our point so far is not to prematurely argue that quarterly reports are necessary or unnecessary, but to show that we do not know what information is in the report, and we do not know how the market reacts to it. Consequently, the purpose is to investigate whether quarterly reports provide useful information to investors. In particular, we are interested in the interplay between quarterly reports and financial analyst expectations. This interplay determines market reactions and ultimately sets the firm s capital cost
Project members: Joachim Landström, Mattias Hamberg, Daniel Brännström, Qishen Yang
Financed by: SHB Forskningsstiftelser
The Teachings of Management, Perceptions in a society of organisations
The project seeks to relate ideas of organisation and management and give a comprehensive overview over a belief system that is often taken for granted or ignored all together. It identifies a coherent set of presumptions prevalent in contemporary society and seen to be necessary to the idea of 'organisations,' despite the generally acknowledged fact that they are largely unfeasible.
Project member: Karin Brunsson
Payout policies and stock preferences
Financial economics has undergone a very rapid development in the past forty years and the research within the area has indeed changed. With access to detailed data related to stock ownership in public listed firms in Sweden, researchers (as well as students) at the department have exploited and contributed to the field by detailed empirical studies. For instance, international collaboration with academics in the U.S. as well as in the Netherlands and South Africa have exploited the database with a focus primarily on: (a) stock portfolios and portfolio performance by individual investors, (b) payout policies (i.e., ordinary cash dividends and stock buybacks) in Swedish firms, (c) payout policy in public firms after controlling for the ownership structure (dispersed, concentrated), (d) various corporate events. Specifically, the following projects, and co-authors, within the area of financial economics are as follows:
- “Payout Concentration in Industrial and Financial Firms” (Kent Baker, American University, Washington, USA; Adri De Ridder, UU).
- “Payout Policy in Industrial and Financial Firms” (Kent Baker, American University, Washington, USA; Adri De Ridder, UU).
- “Corporate Dividend Policies and a test of the life-cycle theory” (Kent Baker, Amrican University, Washington, USA; Adri De Ridder, UU).
- “Trading and stock buybacks programs” (Alice Bonaime, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA; Adri De Ridder, UU)
- “Reverse Stock Splits and Ownership Structure” (David Burnie, University of Michigan, Kalamazoo, USA; Adri De Ridder, UU).
- “Alphabetic biases and stock investments” (Annalien de Vries, University of Stellenbosch, South Afrika; Adri De Ridder, UU).
- “Investment mistakes within the Swedish PPM-system” (Marc Kramer, University of Groningen, The Netherlands; Adri De Ridder, UU)